Aquarium plants will make your freshwater aquarium look beautiful and will add a tranquil atmosphere to your fish tank. However, not all aquatic plants are suitable for all tanks. There are certain plants that are not good for fish tanks, or even for general gardens.
The most common plants used in a tropical freshwater aquarium are corals, algae, shrimps, cichlids, and worms. These are the plant families that are widely used in home aquariums. Coral and algae are software, while cichlids are hard water plants that are generally used in freshwater tanks.
There are a number of aquarium plants that can be used in both hard and soft water, but the best plants are not found in either category. Plant varieties that should be avoided in a general aquarium are tree species, ornamental ferns, and some saltwater species. Saltwater plants should be planted only in a saltwater tank. Most terrestrial plants can be planted anywhere in the tank as long as they are properly cared for.
Know The Type Of Tank System
It is very important to know the type of tank system that you have before you go out and buy plants. Aquarium plants thrive in a slow-moving system. Slow water gives the plants ample time to grow. So, if your aquarium is situated in a shallow stream, then it is probably best to leave the plants alone.
In the case of fish tanks, slow water is ideal. This is because the bottom of the tank allows for large quantities of ammonia to build up in the water. The ammonia helps to decompose the natural nitrates in the water, which causes more nitrates to be created. The more nitrates that are created, the faster the plants will die.
When it comes to plants, they love a low-chlorine system. Plants that do well in low-chlorine water are seaweeds because the seaweed absorbs the chlorine into their cells. These algae survive in a low-chlorine environment. This is also the case with a marine biofilter. But these plants are not as plentiful as those that grow in tropical water.
There are many kinds of plants that need an ideal pH range for thriving. Even so, there are plants that thrive with the right pH in aquarium water. Most of these plants are freshwater species that were introduced into saltwater systems. The plants that thrive in a saltwater tank are relatively small and are generally kept in the corners of the tank where the light cannot reach them.
The plants that grow in a saltwater environment are more colorful and unique than other plants. The color of these plants is different from one tank to another. However, most plants grow with enough light to thrive. Plants that are subjected to a low light condition will produce slower growing plants.
Water pollution is another reason why it is not advisable to keep plants in your aquarium. If there are too many harmful substances in the water, the plants will be destroyed. Plus, the excess of ammonia and nitrites in the water will also poison the water. This will also cause the algae to die off.
Some popular choices for plants include coral, orchids, and algae. The algae should be avoided since they contain the same elements that kill the fish. The only way to keep the algae is to use plant food with calcium carbonate. But the amount of calcium carbonate needs to be carefully measured in order to prevent the algae from blooming.
The only plant that is safe for fish tank water is the popular sand sago palm. The same goes for the orchid. The danger of these plants is that they are easily destroyed by pathogens such as molds, algae, and some viruses that are naturally present in the water.
Non-aquatic aquarium plants are best planted on the aquarium floor. Rocks should be used as bedding for the aquarium plants because they have been proven to reduce the risk of insect infestation. and the growth of algae and fungi.